25Feb2010


Running Windows programs in Ubuntu

written by Maxx in the blog "Software (Apple/Mac/Linux)"
 Running Windows programs in Ubuntu
Please note that not all windows programs will work and for more detailos visit the WINE website: Start here!
http://appdb.winehq.org/

Install how to at bottom of page!


Wine for Ubuntu and Ubuntu derivatives

Ubuntu and other Debian-based distributions utilize a special tool for managing packages known as APT. APT is able to automagically install all of the needed dependencies for a software package, as well as keep the package up to date, by scanning what are known as APT repositories. Ubuntu has its own repository of software that includes Wine, however we keep our own repository of the latest available beta packages here for download.
Warning: These are beta packages

The packages here are beta packages. This means they will periodically suffer from regressions, and as a result an update may break functionality in Wine. If the latest stable release of Wine (currently Wine 1.0.1) works for you, then you may not want to use these beta packages.
Adding the WineHQ APT Repository:

Open the Software Sources menu by going to System->Administration->Software Sources. Then select the Third Party Software tab and click Add.



Then, copy and paste one of the lines below depending on which version you are running.
For Ubuntu Jaunty (9.04):
deb http://wine.budgetdedicated.com/apt jaunty main #WineHQ - Ubuntu 9.04 "Jaunty Jackalope"
For Ubuntu Intrepid (8.10):
deb http://wine.budgetdedicated.com/apt intrepid main #WineHQ - Ubuntu 8.10 "Intrepid Ibex"
For Ubuntu Hardy (8.04):
deb http://wine.budgetdedicated.com/apt hardy main #WineHQ - Ubuntu 8.04 "Hardy Heron"
Trusting the WineHQ APT Repository and installing Wine:

After adding the repository, you also need to add the key for the repository to your system's list of trusted keys.
Download and save Scott Ritchie's key (right click -> save as) to your desktop. Then open the Authentication tab, click import key file, and select the key file you just saved (Scott Ritchie.gpg). It is safe to delete this file after doing this step.



Click close to finish, and then reload the package information when prompted. If you have Wine installed, the system's update manager will now inform you of the latest Wine beta release and prompt you to upgrade. If you haven't installed Wine yet, go to Applications->Add/Remove and search for Wine or just click this link.
Upgrading to a new version of Ubuntu

If you are upgrading the entire system, such as going from Ubuntu 8.04 to 8.10, you will need to come back to this page and add the repository for the new version above. The built in update manager will not switch the Wine repository automatically.
Older .deb packages

Since the APT repository can only hold the latest packages, older versions of the packages are available at the WineHQ .deb packages archive.
You can install downloaded packages by double-clicking on them.
Alternative command Line Instructions for Installing Wine:

It is also possible to add the Wine repositories and install via the command line, as follows. These may be useful on Kubuntu, Xubuntu, and other Ubuntu derivatives.
First, open a terminal window (Applications->Accessories->Terminal). Then add the repository's key to your system's list of trusted APT keys by copy and pasting the following into your terminal:
wget -q http://wine.budgetdedicated.com/apt/387EE263.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -
Next, add the repository to your system's list of APT sources:
For Ubuntu Jaunty (9.04):
sudo wget http://wine.budgetdedicated.com/apt/....d/jaunty.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/winehq.list
For Ubuntu Intrepid (8.10):
sudo wget http://wine.budgetdedicated.com/apt/.../intrepid.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/winehq.list
For Ubuntu Hardy (8.04):
sudo wget http://wine.budgetdedicated.com/apt/...t.d/hardy.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/winehq.list
Then update APT's package information by running 'sudo apt-get update'. You can now install Wine normally or by typing 'sudo apt-get install wine' into the terminal.


How to install WINE through Ubuntu using the Package Manager...

Now that you read all about the WINE program you can install it to your Ubuntu:
Go to Systems> Administration > Synaptic Package Manager> Window opens > let it load> Type WINE in the Search Box> You should get around 3 wine radio buttons> check them all one at a time, they will ask mark for installation > Click OK> after you finish marking the 3 for install press the Apply Button, and set back and they will be installed.... You will find this program under Applications> "Wine"

For more info and updates please visit there website!

regards,
Max
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25Feb2010


Working with WINE

written by Maxx in the blog "Software (Apple/Mac/Linux)"
Working with WINE
General Q & A on WINE


1. General questions


1.1. Why do some people write WINE and not Wine?

They are using the acronym "Wine Is Not an Emulator", the original name for the project. While recursive acronyms are clever, there really is no point to the capital letters. They look ugly, so please use the simpler, current name of the project: Wine. It's what we use.

1.2. Who is responsible for Wine?

Wine is available thanks to the work of many people around the world. Some companies that are or have been involved with Wine development are CodeWeavers, Bordeaux, TransGaming, Corel, Macadamian, and Google. Please see the Acknowledgements, and WineHistory pages for more information.

1.3. Does Wine hurt Linux?

Wine increases the usefulness of Linux, makes it easier for users to switch to Linux, and makes it easier for Windows developers to make applications that work on Linux. See the Debunking Wine Myths article for a fuller answer.


1.4. Is Wine an emulator? There seems to be disagreement.

There is a lot of confusion about this, particularly caused by people getting Wine's name wrong and calling it WINdows Emulator.
When users think of an emulator, they tend to think of things like game console emulators or virtualization software. This is the wrong way to think about Wine - Wine runs Windows applications in essentially the same way Windows does. Wine is just a native Unix substitute for the components of Windows; there is no inherent loss of speed due to "emulation" when using Wine, nor is there a need to open Wine before running your application.
That said, Wine can be thought of as a Windows emulator in much the same way that Windows Vista can be thought of as a Windows XP emulator; both allow you to run the same applications by translating system calls in much the same way. Setting Wine to mimic Windows XP is not much different from setting Vista to launch an application in XP compatibility mode.
There are a few things that makes wine more than just an emulator.

    * Sections of Wine can be used on Windows. Some virtual machines use Wine's OpenGL-based implementation of Direct3D on Windows rather than truly emulate 3D hardware.
    * Winelib can be used for porting windows application source code to other operating systems that Wine supports to run on any processor - even processes that neither Windows nor the Emulator bit of Wine supports.

"Wine is not just an emulator" would be a more correct name. Thinking of Wine as just an emulator is really forgetting about the other things it is. Wine's "emulator" is really just a binary loader that allows Windows applications to interface with the Wine API replacement.

1.5. What is the difference between Wine, CrossOver, and Cedega?

Wine is the base of the project, where most of the work is being done. Wine is currently a "beta" software project, intended mainly for developers, testers, and early adopters at the moment. Despite Wine's beta limitations, tens of thousands of people nevertheless use "vanilla" Wine successfully to run a large number of Windows programs.
CrossOver (formerly CrossOver Office) is a product made by a company called CodeWeavers that is based directly on Wine with a few proprietary add-ons. Unlike the biweekly Wine releases, CrossOver releases are rigorously tested for compatibility with CodeWeavers' supported applications in order to prevent "regressions". CodeWeavers employs a large portion of the Wine developers and provides a great deal of leadership for the project. All improvements to Wine eventually work their way into CrossOver.
Cedega (formerly WineX) is a product from a company called TransGaming. TransGaming based their product on Wine back in 2002 when Wine had a different license, closed their source code, and rebranded their version as specialized for gamers. In the years since Cedega was originally created from Wine, development on Wine and Cedega have continued mostly independently. TransGaming currently gives back very little code to Wine. Cedega is not "Wine with more gaming support" - because Wine has had years of development since Cedega was made, and many games actually run better under Wine than under Cedega. Currently, Wine has more advanced Direct3D support than Cedega, but Cedega still has more advanced copy protection support due to TransGaming's licensing of (closed source) code from a handful of copy protection companies. Unlike CrossOver, most improvements to Wine don't get into Cedega due to the license differences between Cedega and Wine.
For more information on how this happened, see Wine History.

1.6. Do I have to use the command line?

If you have a sufficiently recent version of Wine (at least 0.9.60), you do not have to use the command line to use Wine. You can use a graphical interface for most things, much like on Windows.
If you decide to use a version of Wine that is older than 0.9.60, you will have to use the command line when you start .exe files. Wine will attempt to start them when you double-click, but it used to do this wrong and would cause some strange problems. See the next question for instructions.
You do not have to use the command line if an installer has created a shortcut to your program, even on old versions. You can start the shortcut using the icon or menu.
Even if you have a recent version, there are several situations when you might want to use the command line. The most common reason is to get debug output when your program does not run properly. You might also want to use utilities, such as regedit or winecfg, that do not have menu shortcuts.

1.7. Will Wine work with my application?

Probably. If your application is remotely popular, you can find other user reports in the Application Database. If there aren't any reports using a recent version of Wine, however, your best bet is to simply try and see.

1.8. What applications run well with Wine?

Thousands of applications work well. As a general rule, simpler or older applications tend to work well, and the latest versions of complex applications or games tend to not work well yet. See the Wine Application Database for details on individual applications. If it rates your application Gold or Platinum, you're probably ok. (If it rates it Silver or Bronze, Wine isn't really ready to run the application for most users.)
For instance, here is the appdb entry for Microsoft Office. It rates the various versions of Office as Bronze or Silver, and has tips for how to get around some problems. (If you need to run Office now, consider the commercially-supported version of Wine offered by Codeweavers; it contains the latest wine plus a few special workarounds to get Office working better.)

1.9. How do I run Wine?

Wine is not an application you run. Wine enables your computer to run Windows applications. Simply install and run your applications as you would in Windows.

1.10. How can I help contribute to the Wine project, and in what ways?

You can contribute programming or documentation skills, or monetary or equipment donations, to aid the Wine developers in reaching their goals.
One area where every Wine user can contribute to this project is by sending high quality bug reports to our Bugzilla and helping the developers with any follow up questions that they may have about a bug that you have come across. It is not only impossible but also impractical for a developer to have a copy of every program on the market. This is why we need your help even after you have sent in the initial bug report. If a developer has a good idea what might be causing the bug, he or she may ask if you can try a patch and see if it fixes the problem. After this patch makes its way into our main development tree, the bug report will be closed and your help will be appreciated by everyone.
For a list of ideas of how you can help, please consult the helping Wine page.

2. Installing Wine


2.1. Which version of Wine should I use?

You should use the latest stable release, currently 1.0.1. If you installed a relatively new version of Linux within the past year or so, you likely have 1.0.1 already. If the latest stable release doesn't work for you after trying the suggestions below, you can test a development release. Try the latest development release first, however if you are upgrading frequently be aware that it's possible for an application to work in one release but stop working in the next due to a regression.

2.2. Why does Wine have a Windows version on the download page?

The Windows version allows Wine developers to test out the completeness of Wine DLLs by replacing those on Windows. At least for now, this is mainly for developers. Once we finish our DirectX 10 implementation, we may be able to implement Direct3D 10 in Windows XP the same way it runs in Wine: by translating DirectX calls to OpenGL ones.
Note: the link to the Windows packages was removed in January 2009 because they were badly out of date (version 0.9.14).
There is not yet a version of Wine that runs on Windows itself (e.g. to run old applications on current versions of Windows). See WineOnWindows for development efforts.

2.3. How do I install Wine?

The best option is to use precompiled binary package(s) for your particular distribution. See the Wine download page for links and additional information. If you can't find packages with recent Wine version for your distro, download the Wine source and compile Wine yourself.

Continued>>


25Feb2010


More info on Ubuntu 9.10

written by Maxx in the blog "Software (Apple/Mac/Linux)"
More info on Ubuntu 9.10
Ubuntu 9.10 - move over BIG dog the little Dogs moving in!

www.ubuntu.com/

Above in the first post I went over thing to do after install., but now the Newer version the updates are less and the themes are some what newer, I'm now using the New age Theme and there are more back grounds and also one Background image packages so you'll have a quick and easy Photo slide show!

After you install this OS I would install the following software from the available software down loads available:
Qmmp it's a lite weight audio player with a nice equalizer to produce and heavy sound to your liking!

GNOME Mplayer to play your Video movies and files very nice

There are Various CD/DVD players and burners available for download.

Note that the Ubuntu Software center has many options available for you to explore!

Applications>Ubuntu Software Center> in the open window just select the "Sound & Video" Icon> this click one the list item then the arrow to the right and your get a complete discrition of the software, before you download and install.

If you run a Video or audio program that needs plug ins or codecs the system will search automatically for you at the time of engagement. If you can not find suitable plug-in or add ons for that program, them try another one from the Software menu.

For Running Widows program in Ubuntu check above there is a tut for this and the package is called "WINE"

More to come>>>

regards,
Max


25Feb2010


Ubuntu Linux Tips to update your OS after install

written by Maxx in the blog "Software (Apple/Mac/Linux)"
 Ubuntu Linux Tips to update your OS after install
First before you install the Ubuntu OS, you should consider installing so you can boot from both windows and Ubuntu, until you get use to it... very helpful! if you are not sure how to do this, please visit their site they will explain how to do so!

And as always back up and back up your windows, if you don't want to lose you data!

1). OS Regular Auto updates: Ok...... If your OS is install properly and your connect to the Internet 2 windows (Yellow Will open from the top right hand side of your desk top, ! tell you you are connect and the 2nd will let you now update are available for download...at the same location you should see a RED Arrow pointing down, just click on this to open a window ( you will need your Password) to start the list of available downloads, then click "Install"
and wait you'll most likely need to re-start your OS after Install is complete!

In case you did not have Internet connection after you install your Ubuntu OS or to check for updates> go to the "System" menu> click on> "Administration", scroll down and click on "Update Manager">A window will open, after completely open>Click on "Check", on the bottom left side, it will search the Ubuntu site and after a few will download all available update and your get a list>at this time Click on "Install Updates" and it will do so! at this moment there are 306 updates> 289.2 MB( This will change all the time).

Note After you finished these and re-start your OS, it will be time to Check your Hard ware Drivers:

2).Hardware check: Go to System>Administration>Hardware drivers> it will start searching for Hardware drivers and give you the option to chose the latest tested drivers by Ubuntu, just highlight to correct one and hit activate, if not already done.

3). Changing the Desktop Background image:

Right click on desk top>Click on "Change Desktop Background">Appearance Preferences window opens!>On background tab select "+ ADD" button> Window opens add wall paper>Select and click "backgrounds" from the left side menu>Click on the top image, then hold down the "shift AND "Alt" on your keyboard, then select the bottom image, all images will be highlighted!>
then go down to the bottom of the window and select "Open" and all the images will go to your background wall paper section!
You may now click on the images one by one till you decide the background you want then close the present window and you are all set.

Note any background images you add in the future will be add to the same background fold you got these from!

4) Network and Internet: Now there are 2 sections u can check for your PCs network adapter drivers or work around.

* Administration> scroll down to "Synaptic Packages Manager" U may need to log-in as admin!
Now go to the "Quick search" field and type in network or something relative to what your are looking for!

* the other way is to go to the "Application Menu" and scroll down to "Add/Remove" and do the same search as above!

Note if you are unable to get on-line, then you must visit the Ubuntu web site and search for a solution, but the more you know about your PC and or Hardware the better off you'll be... Note some hardware manufacturer's are starting to create Linux driver for their stuff, so you may want to check with them also.

5) Setting up your Sound/Audio:

    * Selecting your audio device:

    Lets Click on System> then Preferences> then scroll down to "Sound" >click and a window will open enabling you to select the sound device/s detected during installation;

    In this mode you can see if your sound hardware has been detected from the various drop down fields> Under sound Playback > select your device and press the " Test" button, it will scan and you should hear a 1 Kilocycle tone!

    If it works go on to the Next settings and do the same.
    Note in the final window please select you sound device and you should see the available, Volume/mixer controls the you should have available for the next step ( Selecting your Volume Controls/Mixer)

    * Selecting your Volume Controls/Mixer:

    OK now on the little speaker icon - on the right top you can click on it and a little window opens> click on Volume control> a mixer panel will open, so you can set up your mixer controls for what ever sound device you select before> Now click on preferences> Another window will open so you can select the Mixer controls you want to match your sound card or on board sound driver> If your driver allows> click on the Bass treble and tone and what ever you want or can control, but only want you need! Note that the "mute" should be off, or un-check on the radio button!

    OK now close that window and click on the "Switches" and you'll be able to select any switches your sound device allows like example: mine allows Tone and Analog/Digital output, because these I selected in the preferences section of the setup.

    So now you can go back to your Volume/Mixer controls and set them the way you want according to you sound system.

More to come!> Please check back often!

hope this helps!

regards,
Max


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